Since January, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have successively held local "two sessions" to deploy work in 2020. Judging from the "transcripts" disclosed in various places, most provinces are expected to successfully complete the GDP growth targets set in the 2019 government work report. At the same time, the 2020 economic growth targets set by various regions have also taken into account the domestic and foreign environment and local support conditions, reflecting the requirements for stability and progress and high-quality development guidance-
Since January, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have successively held local "two sessions" to deploy work in 2020. As of January 17, except the Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, the "two sessions" of the remaining 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have been held.
2020 will be the year when a well-off society will be fully established and the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" will be completed. How do localities determine expected economic development goals? How to ensure the reasonable growth of the economy and the steady improvement of its quality?
Progress in steady target growth
Judging from the "transcripts" disclosed in local government work reports, most provinces are expected to successfully complete the GDP growth targets set in the 2019 government work reports. Specifically, among the 10 eastern provinces, Hainan's GDP is expected to grow by about 5.8%, failing to achieve the target growth rate of 7% to 7.5%; Shandong is expected to grow by 5.5%, failing to achieve the target growth rate of about 6.5%. The remaining eight provinces are expected to meet their targets, and the GDP growth rate is in the target growth range.
The GDP growth rate of the six provinces in the central region is expected to complete the target task. Among them, Jiangxi Province is expected to be about 8.5%, continuing to lead the central region.
Of the 12 provinces in the western region, except Sichuan and Yunnan, where the "two sessions" have not yet been held, Chongqing, Gansu, Ningxia, and Qinghai are expected to successfully complete their target tasks. Among them, the growth rate of Guizhou is expected to be about 8.7%, although it is slightly different from the target growth rate of about 9.0%, it still ranks second in the country, only after Tibet, which is expected to grow at 9.0%.
Among the three provinces in Northeast China, Liaoning ’s GDP growth rate is expected to be about 5.8%, which is basically the same as the previous year; Heilongjiang ’s growth rate is expected to be about 4.5%, which fails to achieve the goal of more than 5.0%; Jilin ’s growth rate is expected to be about 3.5%, which is higher than The annual slowdown is 1 percentage point, and the target of 5.0% to 6.0% has not been achieved.
When deploying work in 2020, various regions have set a range for the annual economic growth rate. Among them, the target growth rate of 4 provinces of Tianjin, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang and Jilin is determined to be in the "5 range", the target growth rate of 15 provinces is determined to be in the "6 range", and 5 provinces are targeted to the target growth rate of "7." Interval ". In addition, Jiangxi's target growth rate is 8%; Guizhou's target growth rate is about 8.0%; Tibet's target growth rate is the highest in the country, at about 9.0%.
The 2020 economic growth targets set by various regions have comprehensively considered the domestic and foreign environment and local support conditions, reflecting the requirements for steady progress, implementing new development concepts, and promoting high-quality development orientation. For example, the target GDP growth rate in Jiangsu is set at about 6%. Director of the Jiangsu Province Development and Reform Commission, Li Kantao, said that Jiangsu's economy ranks among the highest in the country, and its stability on a high base is progress in itself. The 6% growth rate not only has good support conditions, but also maintains continuity and stability, and is relatively high in the major economic provinces.
Layout around high-quality plots
When deploying the work in 2020, each locality made careful arrangements for economic and social work based on local realities. Generally speaking, these work deployments are all focused on promoting high-quality development, which reflects the unity of problem-oriented, goal-oriented, and result-oriented.
Beijing has made clear that it is necessary to plan the development of the "city" tightly around the function of the "city" and to ensure the function of the "city" with a higher level of development. In 2020, Beijing will pay close attention to relieving the non-capital functions of "bull noses" without letting go, and promote the realization of the mid-term goals of the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
In order to speed up the creation of new kinetic energy and improve the level of industrial development, Tianjin will implement a five-year action plan for the introduction of new kinetic energy, and strive to reach 2024, with more than 10,000 national high-tech enterprises, and more than 70 technology-based enterprises listed. The value-added of emerging industries and high-tech (manufacturing) industries accounted for over 40% and 30% of the industrial added value respectively.
Shanxi will focus on optimizing the innovation ecology, constructing an innovation system, and carrying out three-year actions for the development of technological innovation in enterprises; implementing three major projects, planning and advancing 100 major scientific research projects, and constructing about 10 key laboratories and 10 scientific and technological achievements in pilot plant maturation and Industrialization bases, 10 provincial manufacturing technology innovation centers, "one enterprise, one strategy" cultivate 100 high-tech leading enterprises.
Anhui will dynamically optimize the layout of major bases in emerging industries, implement strong chain supplementary projects in advantageous industries, cultivate and introduce a number of core companies in the industrial chain, support upstream and downstream enterprises to strengthen industrial coordination and technical cooperation, and create stuck, dismantled, and moved Do not take advantage of industrial clusters.
As China's first national big data comprehensive experimental area, Guizhou Province has maintained the first growth rate in digital economy since 2016. In 2020, Guizhou will adhere to the "four enhancements" and "four integrations" and make full use of new data technologies such as big data, cloud computing, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things to improve the industry's digitalization, networking, and intelligence. .
In the northeast, Jilin Province will focus on stabilizing economic growth and effectively strengthen the industrial economy's support capacity; focus on fostering new momentum for development, create a new pattern of differentiated development, characteristic development, and agglomeration development, and accelerate the construction of a modern industrial system.
Strengthening protection and improving people's livelihood
The Central Economic Work Conference made it clear that in 2020, people's livelihood, especially the basic lives of people in need, should be effectively guaranteed and improved.
Employment is the biggest livelihood of the people. Hebei Province clearly prioritizes employment stabilization, promotes employment promotion projects, and grasps employment of key groups such as college graduates, laid-off workers, migrant workers, and retired soldiers. New urban employment has reached 850,000, and the registered unemployment rate is controlled at Within 4.5%.
Henan, a province with a large population, will also introduce measures to support job creation, and encourage flexible employment and new employment forms. Implemented vocational skills improvement and higher vocational enrollment expansion, and completed 3 million person-times of various vocational trainings. We will expand the policy of supporting enterprises to stabilize their posts and enjoy the scope of enterprises. 150,000 people returned to rural areas to start businesses.
Shanghai has made clear that it will continue to improve the living conditions of its citizens. In 2020, Shanghai will adhere to the combination of staying, reforming, and demolishing, coordinating and advancing the protection of historical features, urban renewal, reconstruction of old districts, construction of large-scale residential areas, and housing security, completing 550,000 square meters and 28,000 households in central urban areas below Grade II House renovation.
Jiangsu also clearly rebuilt 3,000 kilometers of “Four Good Rural Roads” and 1,000 bridges, implemented 4,000 kilometers of safety and life protection engineering for rural roads, added 150,000 non-hazardous sanitary toilets, and laid 4,200 kilometers of rural water supply network. Housing conditions for 100,000 farmers in northern Jiangsu improved.
The central province of Hunan will closely follow the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, ensure that the remaining 199,000 rural poor under the current standards are all out of poverty; strengthen the monitoring and early warning of return to poverty;
In the western region, Gansu Province will concentrate its forces on the fight against deep poverty eradication. New poverty alleviation funds, projects, and measures continue to focus on deeply impoverished areas, and counties and villages with large numbers of poor people, high incidence of poverty, and difficulties in poverty alleviation will be put on the spot.
Tibet will ensure that per capita funding for basic health public services grows by more than 10% and continue to accelerate the construction of a healthy Tibet. Screening and prevention of plateau cardio-cerebral-vascular diseases, tuberculosis, hepatitis, rheumatoid bone and joint diseases, and women's "two cancers" were strengthened. 100% of hospitals at or above the county level achieved "Internet + medical health". Various measures were taken to solve the housing problem of the poor people, and 24,900 housing units were built.
Heilongjiang proposed that the three-year action plan for vocational skills upgrading training will be implemented in depth, and 350,000 person-times will be completed. Increase investment in the construction of home care service infrastructure and add 10,000 old-age beds. 200 new kindergartens and remodeling and expansion of public kindergartens. The per capita subsidy standard for basic public health was raised from 69 yuan to 74 yuan. (Economic Daily, China Economic Network reporter Lin Huocan)
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