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France issues new law to encourage green mobility

来源:人民日报 2020-01-21 06:49 Source: People's Daily

Recently, France formally promulgated and implemented the "Future Orientation Law". The law contains 189 provisions, and proposes a series of solutions to the problems in the field of transportation and environmental protection in France in recent years, and encourages the French people to travel green to meet the challenges of environmental protection.

A highlight of the new law is a clear roadmap for reducing carbon emissions in France. According to this roadmap, ground transportation in France will achieve the goal of "carbon neutrality" by 2050. To achieve this goal, the new law specifies two phases: first, to reduce France ’s total carbon dioxide emissions by 37.5% by 2030; and second, to stop selling vehicles using fossil fuels such as gasoline, diesel and natural gas by 2040.

In order to encourage the public to choose more green travel modes such as public transportation and bicycles, the "Transportation Future Orientation Law" states that between 2019 and 2023, the French government will allocate 13.7 billion euros (1 euro or 7.79 yuan) for infrastructure development To maintain the existing transportation network. Beginning this year, the French government will launch electric buses, which will increase the number of electric vehicle charging piles by five times by 2022. The French government will also set up a bicycle fund of 350 million euros to strengthen the management of shared bicycles and electric scooters. Provide a safer travel environment for citizens.

The French Ministry of Ecological Transformation and Solidarity issued a notice that a series of new measures provided by the new law will make people's travel more convenient, cheaper and cleaner. This is not only an inevitable requirement for the country's energy transition, but also a strong response to global environmental protection. "The implementation of the" Future Orientation Law "is a profound change in French public transport policy," said Elizabeth Berne, Minister of Ecology Transformation and Solidarity of France.

In his speech in the New Year 2020, French President Macron stressed that France will further accelerate the ecological transformation in the new year and make more efforts to deal with climate change and protect biodiversity. For many years, the French government has continuously promoted relevant reforms, "multi-pronged approach" in various fields such as climate, energy, agriculture, transportation, etc., to promote the entire society to actively participate in ecological environmental protection. However, due to poor implementation of governance measures and lack of substantial financial support, the previous measures did not produce the expected results.

The promulgation of the "Future Orientation Law" has also triggered discussions in various circles in France. Many people think that the promulgation of the new law is just a "surface article", lacking specific measures and necessary funds, and whether it can produce results remains to be seen. "The goals of the new law are ambitious, but the measures are a bit vague." Axel Bido, co-founder of the environmental group "Transportation and the Environment," commented: "Many of the goals now seem to be only good visions. Difficult to achieve on time. "

In order to ensure the realization of the objectives set out in the "Future Orientation Law", the French Ministry of Ecological Transformation and Solidarity issued a notice recently announcing that the government will implement 13 important changes in the field of environmental protection. In terms of green mobility, more funds will be invested to support the purchase of new electric or hydrogen-powered vehicles.

According to the announcement, starting this year, consumers who purchase clean energy vehicles will receive "ecological bonuses" ranging from 3,000 to 6,000 euros depending on the purchase price range. For cars with CO2 emissions of less than 20 g / km, the French government has increased the award by 50%.

French "Contemporary Environment" website article evaluation said that this preferential measure will form a beneficial response to the implementation of the "Transportation Future Orientation Law", which will help promote the public to change their travel methods and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The article also pointed out that in order to achieve the "carbon neutrality" goal, the French government needs stronger policy implementation, longer-term effect tracking feedback, and wider publicity to promote all parties to actively participate in green and low-carbon economy .

(Paris, Paris)

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(Responsible editor: Ou Yunhai)